Your matrilineal heritage is in your genes

The Maternal Lineage MtDNA test relies on analysing portions of human DNA that are passed down from mother to child. Using mitochondrial DNA, we can scientifically probe these aspects of your maternal history which can be traced back as far as the first peoples who populated the earth.  Our scientific data shows that modern humans evolved in Africa 4000,000 to 130,000 years ago – and then gradually started migrating outward.

Click here to read A Beginner’s Guide to DNA Ancestry Testing which compares the different types of ancestry DNA tests we offer.

Maternal lineage ancestry test results will show which haplogroup you belong to – these are genetic groups of people who share the same set of DNA markers and can be traced to certain geographic areas where they settled during a period in human history. To see a list of maternal haplogroups and their descriptions just visit our mtDNA haplogroup page – and read about what makes mitochondrial DNA special.

MtDNA (mitochondrial DNA test) traces a person’s matrilineal ancestry. MtDNA is passed down by the mother to all her children but males cannot pass on their MtDNA.

There are three possible areas in our MtDNA that can be tested

HVRs (hyper variable regions) are the place where the changes most often occur in the MtDNA – approximately one base pair (two chemical bases bonded to one another forming a characteristic ‘rung’ of the DNA ladder) in the MtDNA sequence changes every 1,500 years, when this change takes place, it is then passed down to succeeding generations – so each individual’s MtDNA contains his or her haplotype – a set of DNA variations.  Subsequently, these haplotypes enable scientists to allocate a person to his or her haplogroup (haplogroups are groups of people with comparable haplotype which can be linked to specific geographical locations and studied ancestral clans)

HVRl: Normally provides ample information to conclusively check which maternal haplogroup you belong to

HVRll and HVRlll: testing these two regions will give more detail if HVR I testing is not enough to establish similarity to a haplogroup, this would also give a breakdown into sub-groups called sub-clades.

Our testing at EasyDNA includes all three regions for the reduced price of $559 – this includes the utmost coverage of genetic markers for finding your haplogroup, all this ready and available via email within 4 to 5 weeks from receipt of samples… and that’s not all – we are also offering a special package – The Dual Lineage Test (maternal and paternal) for the extra special price of $685.00 Please note the duo lineage test is only available for male test participants.

What you will receive

 

  • Your very own haplogroup designation and a haplogroup description page
    Also your very own personalised map showing your ancestors’ journey and where they settled in ancient times
  • Your MtDNA raw data, giving you the differences between your sequence and the revised Cambridge Reference Sequence
  • Facts regarding your haplogroup and parts of the world where you can find your ‘genetic cousins’ and also famous people sharing the same haplogroup as you

A little information to help us understand Mitochondrial DNA

 

  • This is found in the cytoplasm, just outside the nucleus
  • It is only passed down through the mother. During fertilization only nuclear DNA from the sperm enters into the cell. Paternal MtDNA is destroyed.
  • Whilst your nuclear chromosomes are only found in two copies per cell, one from the mother and one from the father, MtDNA is found in abundance.
  • Whilst nuclear DNA is made of much longer strands of DNA, tightly coiled into chromosomes, mitochondrial DNA is found as a small circular chromosome

Click here to view a Full-color copy of the Maternal Certificate.

 

Difference between Autosomal Ancestry Tests and Sex-Chromosome Ancestry Tests
What makes mitochondrial DNA special?
Maternal Lineage Test - List of Haplogroups Descriptions